Step 1. Instruments and patient position E. Liatsikos

Step 1. Instruments and patient position



Title: Step 1. Instruments and patient position
Date: 16-08-2016


  • The procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
  • The patient is placed in lithotomy position
  • The table is positioned 45° laterally setting the kidney to be removed on the upper side.
  • Gelpoint (Applied Medical Resources Corporation, California, USA) or an Endocone (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) is inserted for umbilical access.
  • Specially designed flexible cannulas (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) are inserted for the transvaginal access.
  • A combination of pre-bent and straight laparoscopic instruments is used.
  • Specially designed extra-long pre-bent and straight instrumentation (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) is found particularly useful for manipulations performed through the vagina. The extra-long pre-bent instruments provide the desired angle of approach to the kidney.
  • Conventional laparoscopic instruments does not offer adequate shaft length for dissection transvaginally.
  • Combination of the access ports helps in using all possible instrument combinations, even large bore instruments. The use of staplers and clip applicators is performed through the umbilical port.
  • The majority of the manipulations are performed transumbilically with extra-long instruments inserted through the vagina for tissue retraction. 



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