Title: Isolation of renal helum
Author: Francesco Porpiglia
Preparation of the retroperitoneal space
- The preparation is guided to a cranial direction over the psoas muscle.
- The psoas is the important for the orientation in retroperitoneal procedures.
- The renal vessels should be identified and prepared in order to allow for a safe excision of the renal tumor. The prepared vessels can be easily identified and clamped if deemed necessary during tumor excision.